Caries – perhaps the most common dental disease. Both kids and adults may encounter it. We will talk about how this disease is treated today and will answer the most common questions about the problem.
First signs of caries.
Often the disease appears imperceptibly and we learn about unpleasant news only at a routine examination in a dental clinic. Buut sometimes, looking in the mirror, we may notice a spot that has different color compare to enamel. That is how the disease begins. Gradually, the enamel will soften and dissolve, the pathological process penetrates into hard tissue (dentin). A hole is formed. In advanced cases, the disease reach connective tissues - pulp. It contains nerves and blood vessels, which complicates the process of caries treatment.
At the stain stage (it may be slightly more yellow than the main color of the enamel) you must call the doctor! Often it turns out to stop the development of the disease at this stage by treating the problem area with special drugs.
Buut if the spot went unnoticed and began to grow in width and depth, darken, the next symptom may be a reaction to the temperature of food and air, to acidity! Then comes the pain.
Remember– any symptom means that it is already necessary to treat the teeth. Those who neglect visits to the doctor are likely to lose their teeth in future, or the treatment will be lengthy. In dentistry, the early treatment rule works«one hundred percent»: The faster you get an appointment, the easier it is to get rid of a problem! That is why preventive measures are so important twice a year. Timely identified disease is treated more quick and cheap compared to the advanced stage.
Types of Caries
The classification, which is useful for patients to know, includes the depth and location of the lesion. Those factors determine duration, comfort and cost of the procedure. In our clinic in Moscow, the price of treating tooth decay for one tooth starts at 3500 p.
there are some types depending on the location of the caries:
Fissure - in a figured recess at the top. This type is treated most simply. It is easy to notice during self-examination.
Contact (approximal) at the edges. The dentist’s work will be influenced by whether the cutting angle has involved, whether it is necessary to restore it.
Cervical - located close to the gum or going under it).
Stages of disease:
- Spot – initial enamel damage.
- Moderate– destruction of enamel.
- Advanced– the hard tissue damage. Insidious stage: usually there is no pain, the process presents with no symptoms. Buut the next stage will come soon.
- Severe– destruction reached the pulp. Treatment of deep caries takes a lot of time, it is better to repair your teeth earlier, with the first symptoms.
Ways of tooth decay treatment
How to treat? First - a thorough examination, after which the doctor tells the patient about the required volume of treatment and offers various action plans. The choice is always up to the client: for some people it's important to do as much as possible in one appointment, for others it is more convenient to prolong it for several appointments чтобы психологическandприготовиться к креслу стоматолога.
The general scheme consists of the following stages:
- Anesthesia. Do not be afraid of dental treatment! «» Modern medicines are easily endured and relieve pain.
- Cleaning and shaping of root canals. A special plate (it is called cofferdam) is necessary to separate the part from the others and remove the affected part. In the early stages, it can be removed by a stream of a mixture of water, air and abrasive powder. On advanced, you must use a drill.
- Inserting of a protective lining.
- Sealing and fitting a feeling, grinding and polishing.
Usually it takes 60-90 minutes for 1 tooth. The more areas destroyed and bigger the damage.– the the longer will be the treatment and the more appointments you have to do. How much does caries treatment cost, is determined at the initial consultation, this allows you to plan a budget.
The problem is caused by pathogenic bacteria. And they, in turn, tend to appear because of food sticks to the surface of teeth - especially fast carbohydrates. It is not harmful to eat sweets, but to poor remove the remnants of food from the mouth. This can be prevented by brushing your teeth timely.
How to brush your teeth? At least three minutes. In the morning after breakfast and in the evening before going to bed. The brush movements imitate the movements of the broom and clean plaque from mouth. Do not forget about the back of the jaws and language! A plaque is better removed by a soft brush. Gums injured by bristles adversely affect oral health.
Rinse your mouth after each meal.
Talk with your doctor about nutrition. Sweet and sour have bad effect on enamel. There should be enough foods rich of calcium and fluoride in your diet. They prevent future caries. You may need vitamins and mineral supplements.
Risk group– Those, who neglect oral hygiene and those who often experience dry mouth are in the risk group. Saliva plays a very important role in dental health: in particular, it flushes out part of bacteria and neutralizes acids secreted by bacteria. Therefore people with a lack of saliva– diabetics, hypertensives and those with often stuffy nose are– more likely to suffer from dental problems.
Ask your dentist which paste and brush are right for you and if there are indications for using an irrigator or floss. Mouth care is an– individual matter.
|General practitioner consultation||1 000 rub|
|Treatment of incipient, advanced caries||4 500 rub|
|Severe caries treatment||5 500 rub|
|Tooth restoration||9 500 rub|
|Cofferdam isolation||500 rub|
|Infiltration anesthesia||600 rub|
|Application anesthesia||100 rub|